MessageToEagle.com - Do these mysterious ancient carvings represent the faces of "devils" or rather unknown mysterious
beings that once upon a time, in a distant past visited this place?
Who were these creatures? What happened to them?
Some say they were giants. Many do not even remember how old these carvings are. Why do these carved faces have horns?
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Mysterious carved faces of strangers
Isolated, wind-swept Qajartalik is located about 15 km from the community of Kangiqsujuaq, (formerly known as Wakeham Bay),
Quebec, Canada. From a distance, the rocky island of Qajartalik looks like a dark strip of soapstone.
On its 120-metre-long kayak-shaped ridge, there are carvings that some have dubbed "devil's faces."
This ancient sacred place is also called "the Island of the Stone Devils".
There are 170 carved faces at this site. Precise methods were used in their production, and most of them are symmetrical.
In shape, these etchings resemble the tiny carved masks that archeologists associate with the Dorset, or Tuniit, culture,
believed to have flourished in the Eastern Arctic about 1,000 years ago.
However, according to some other sources, the Dorset Culture existed much earlier,
which means 2300 BC - 1000 BC.
Some display cat-like features and appear to have horns. Lines radiate from many of the mouths, perhaps symbolizing
the breath of a shaman.
Is it really possible to carve the faces in hard stones with help of microblades, endblades, scrapers and knives
or were more sophisticated instruments used to preserve the faces of the arrivals for years to come?
"These can be interpreted as portrayals of living persons who may have
lived in the close proximity of the ‘craftsmen’, or most likely different spirits.
Most of the time depictions of humans do not portray the full-size person but their face.
"The most common vehicles of portrayal of faces are masks, maskettes, multiple, face carvings ... and "the most peculiar
facial type displayed on Dorset artifacts is: triangular shape with rectangular upper face and strongly
pointed chin [and…] round in outline with accentuated cheekbones and underemphasized
chins on multiple face carvings..." writes Zságer, L.ászló of the Pázmány Péter Catholic University in Hungary, in his paper
"Miniature Carvings in the Canadian Dorset Culture: the Paleo-Eskimo Belief System". Perspectivas Colombo-Canadienses No. 3, pp. 108-121.)
Other carvings dated to Dorset culture
Were such primitive tools used to create the carvings in stone?
In the early 1960s, a Canadian anthropologist and ethnographer, Bernard Saladin d’Anglure documented 95 carvings at
Qajartalik. During his later expeditions (from 1996 to 1998) with Avataq, researchers were able to identify additionally
70 petroglyphs, bringing the site’s total to 165.
Faces carved by Dorset people
Some of Qajartalik’s very ancient petroglyphs are only visible in adequate light, and most of them portray anthropomorphic
The Qajartalik petroglyphs are unique manifestations of artistic expression that belonged to the last pre-Inuit people,
what archaeologists call the Dorset Culture.
Could engravings simply represent the faces of the Dorset people?
Miniature artifacts and Dorset art, which might be treated as the continuation of Pre-Dorset art, have been long debated
and have risen numerous speculations regarding the cosmology, religious beliefs and healing practices of Dorset people, as
well as the functions these carvings might have had.
Qajartalik appears to be the only place where people transposed onto soapstone, and on an enormous scale, the distinctive figures
usually found on much smaller artifacts made of bone, ivory or horn.
Many carvings have been destroyed.
In 1996, Avataq Cultural Institute began archaeological studies of these petroglyphs, which are considered
the only left legacy after the extinct Dorset people.
It is estimated these enigmatic carvings were created 800 to 2,000 years ago.
"If you count how many faces, you can go as far as 170 faces and all of them are different, but
they look from the same age," Louis Gagnon from the Avataq Institute said.
"They were probably made at the same period. So, this is very, very special. We tried to understand why they were made like that …
It means something. And especially as you cannot find other faces like that anywhere else in the North," he continued.
It is essential to protect this sacred site.
The faces resemble tiny engraved masks often associated with Dorset, or Tuniit, culture.
It is believed the Dorset culture flourished in the Eastern Arctic over 1,000 years ago. The first people
documented to have lived in the Iqaluit area were the Dorset culture people.
The stone faces are still a mystery.
Inuit refer to these people as giants, the Tuuniit, in their oral history and legends. Archaeologists
have found the remains of Dorset settlements at several locations in and around the present town site.
Some display cat-like features and seem to have horns. Lines radiate from many of the mouths, perhaps symbolizing the breath of a shaman.
Many small carvings are found at Dorset sites. The masks, drums and carved teeth often found were
probably the property of a shaman. Many carvings seem to have magical or religious
connotations signify the importance of religion to these people.
Did these unknown beings only visit this region? Did they live there?
Because of the look of these faces, some local people say "the devil" controls Qajartalik.
However, these engravings may simply represent the faces of the Dorset people who lived in the region and carved faces into the soapstone each time
they used some of it for lamps or other objects. The so-called "horns" may simply represent the peaks of their traditional hooded garments.
According to some residents the petroglyphs are of pagan origin and the place is "invaded" evil spirits. Scientists believe that the Dorset
culture, extinct now, was an artistically advanced civilization that may have been driven from the eastern Arctic by the Thule, the ancestors of today's Inuit.
Yet, there are still many intriguing questions. Who were these beings and where did they come from? Were they giants? What kind of technology did
the ancient use to carve these faces into hard stone?
Qajartalik's faces are the most unique carvings located that far in north and these enigmatic faces remain a mystery.
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