Archaeologists believe there are ruins of an ancient lost civilization beneath the waters of the Indian Ocean.
Evidence suggest humans lived in the area in and around the Persian Gulf Oasis for over 100,000 years before the region
was swallowed up by the Indian Ocean about 8,000 years ago.
Jeffrey Rose, an archaeologist and researcher with the University of Birmingham in the U.K believes that humans may have
established permanent settlements in the region thousands of years before current migration models suppose.
Scientists have collected evidence that indicate a wave of human settlements along the shores of the Gulf dating to about 7,500 years ago.
"Where before there had been but a handful of scattered hunting camps, suddenly, over 60 new archaeological sites appear
virtually overnight," Rose said.
"These settlements boast well-built, permanent stone houses, long-distance trade networks, elaborately decorated pottery,
domesticated animals, and even evidence for one of the oldest boats in the world."
Rose thins that evidence of preceding populations is missing because it is under the Gulf.
"Perhaps it is no coincidence that the founding of such remarkably well developed communities along the shoreline
corresponds with the flooding of the Persian Gulf basin around 8,000 years ago," Rose said.
"These new colonists may have come from the heart of the Gulf, displaced by rising water levels that plunged the
once fertile landscape beneath the waters of the Indian Ocean."
Historical sea level data show that, prior to the flood, the Gulf basin would have been above water beginning about 75,000 years ago.
And it would have been an ideal refuge from the harsh deserts surrounding it, with fresh water supplied by the Tigris, Euphrates, Karun,
and Wadi Baton Rivers, as well as by underground springs.
When conditions were at their driest in the surrounding hinterlands, the Gulf Oasis would have been at its largest in terms of exposed land area.
At its peak, the exposed basin would have been about the size of Great Britain, Rose says.
Evidence is also emerging that modern humans could have been in the region even before the oasis was above water.
Recently discovered archaeological sites in Yemen and Oman have yielded a stone tool style that is distinct from the East African tradition.
An ancient lost civilization may exist benetah the Indian Ocean. Image Credit: NASA
That raises the possibility that humans were established on the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula beginning as far back as
100,000 years ago or more, Rose says. That is far earlier than the estimates generated by several recent migration models,
which place the first successful migration into Arabia between 50,000 and 70,000 years ago.
The Gulf Oasis would have been available to these early migrants, and would have provided "a sanctuary throughout the Ice
Ages when much of the region was rendered uninhabitable due to hyperaridity," Rose said.
"The presence of human groups in the oasis fundamentally alters our understanding of human emergence and cultural
evolution in the ancient Near East."
It also hints that vital pieces of the human evolutionary puzzle may be hidden in the depths of the Persian Gulf.
If we could explore the depths of the Indian Ocean, we might find the ruins of the ancient lost civilizations that inhabited this region in the past.
MessageToEagle.com based on material provided by the University of Chicago
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