Our oceans are greatly unexplored and full of secrets. Deep beneath the waters there are marvelous ruins of lost ancient civilizations.
These ancient underwater remains serve as a reminder of how vulnerable we are and how fast Mother Nature can end our existence.
To date, it is estimated that we have explored only 3 to 5 percent of the ocean floor. With so much territory still left to explore, we can only imagine the discoveries yet to come! Here are just a few examples of remarkable ancient underwater discoveries.
Dwaraka - Lord Krishna's Lost City
For a long time, Krishna's legendary city of Dwaraka was considered to be nothing but a myth.
It is commonly believed that the Cleopatra's empire was destroyed by an earthquake and tidal waves
Scientists think that the entire city was completely submerged, along with all the artifacts, statues, columns
and other beauties of the palace of Cleopatra.
Lost Continent Of Mu - 8000-Year-Old Yonaguni-Jima Ruins
In 1987, while looking for good under-water sites to dive near Yonaguni, scuba diving instructor Kihachiro Aratake,
discovered an amazing under-water construction 20 feet below the surface of the water.
The construction is defined as being "as if terraced into the side of a mountain," resembling a grand stand for Sea
Gods, or somewhat like an amphitheater with its huge steps and blocks of stone.
The construct's 250-foot base lies 100 feet below the ocean's surface and rises to a height of 80 feet.
The Monument consists of medium to very fine sandstones and mudstones of the Lower Miocene Yaeyama Group
believed to have been deposited about 20 million years ago.
The underwater formation or ruin called "The Turtle" at Yonaguni, Ryukyu Islands.
Image credit: Masahiro Kaji - The Japan's Dive-spot Gallery
It has been debated whether the site is completely natural, is a natural site that has been modified,
or is a manmade artifact. Some researchers believe the underwater ruins near Yonaguni are part of the
legendary lost continent of Mu.
Wickedest City On Earth
Once known as the "Wickedest City on Earth" for its sheer concentration of pirates, prostitutes and
rum, Port Royal is now famous for another reason: "It is the only sunk city in the New World," a
ccording to Donny L. Hamilton.
In 1981, the Nautical Archaeology Program of Texas A&M University, in cooperation with the
Institute of Nautical Archaeology (INA) and the Jamaica National Heritage Trust (JNHT),
began underwater archaeological investigations of the submerged portion of the 17th-century
town of Port Royal, Jamaica.
Present evidence indicates that while the areas of Port Royal
that lay along the edge of the harbor slid and jumbled as they sank, destroying most of the
archaeological context, the area investigated by TAMU / INA, located some distance from the
harbor, sank vertically, with minimal horizontal disturbance.
In contrast to many archaeological sites, the investigation of Port Royal yielded much more
than simply trash and discarded items. An unusually large amount of perishable, organic
artifacts were recovered, preserved in the oxygen-depleted underwater environment.
Together with the vast treasury of complimentary historical documents, the underwater excavations
of Port Royal have allowed for a detailed reconstruction of everyday life in an English
colonial port city of the late 17th century. More here.
Pavlopetri - Unique Underwater City
The city of Pavlopetri, underwater off the coast of southern Laconia in Greece, is about 5000 years old.
This underwater site is unique. An entire town is resting underwater, including streets, buildings,
courtyards, and tombs. It has at least 15 buildings submerged in three to four meters of water.
Pavlopetri was presumably once a thriving harbour town where the inhabitants conducted local and long
distance trade throughout the Mediterranean - its sandy and well-protected bay would have been ideal
for beaching Bronze Age ships.
As such the site offers major new insights into the workings of Mycenaean society.
It was discovered in 1967 by Nicholas Flemming and mapped in 1968 by a team of archaeologists from Cambridge.