35 Unusual Small Pyramids With Graves Discovered In Sudan

25 February, 2013

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Follow us: - Archaeologists have uncovered 35 small pyramids with graves, dating back around 2,000 years when a kingdom known as Kush ruled over Sudan.

In ancient times, the Kingdom of Kush, also called Nubia - the Land of Gold was located on the Nile River, to the south of ancient Egypt.

The 35 pyramids, which are gathered closely together at a site called Sedeinga in Sudan, are in different sizes.

The largest pyramids are about 22 feet wide and the smallest one, likely constructed for the burial of a child, being only 30 inches long, according to the report published in the journal Sudan and Nubia.

"The density of the pyramids is huge and because it lasted for hundreds of years they built more and more pyramids and after centuries they started to fill all the spaces that were still available in the necropolis," said the project researcher Vincent Francigny, a research associate with the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

One of the discovered pyramids in Sudan. Image credit & copyright Vincent Francigny/SEDAU

Curiously, archaeologists came across differently shaped pyramids with a circle build inside them and cross-braces connecting the circle to the corners of the pyramid.

Until now, only one such pyramid has been discovered outside of Sedeinga.

Scientists suspect the circle could be a burial marking of some kind. A discovery made in 2012 may provide a clue, Francigny said in the interview.

"What we found this year is very intriguing," he said.

"A grave of a child and it was covered by only a kind of circle, almost complete, of brick." It's possible, he said, that when pyramid building came into fashion at Sedeinga it was combined with a local circle-building tradition called tumulus construction, resulting in pyramids with circles within them.

People were buried beside the pyramids in tomb chambers. Photo copyright Vincent Francigny/SEDAU

This is an aerial view of a series of pyramids and graves that a team of archaeologists has been exploring at Sedeinga in Sudan. Since 2009 they have discovered at least 35 small pyramids at the site, the largest being 22 feet (7 meters) in width. CREDIT: Photo copyright B-N Chagny, SEDAU/SFDAS

According to experts, the pyramids lack tops because during the years they were damaged by camel caravans that passed on the nearby route.

The tops would have been decorated with a capstone depicting either a bird or a lotus flower on top of a solar orb," Francigny said. The building continued until, eventually, they ran out of room to build pyramids. "They reached a point where it was so filled with people and graves that they had to reuse the oldest one," Francigny said.

One of the most intriguing new discoveries was an offering table found by the remains of a pyramid.

It appears to depict the goddess Isis and the jackal-headed god Anubis and includes an inscription, written in Meroitic language, dedicated to a woman named "Aba-la," which may be a nickname for "grandmother," Rilly writes.

It reads in translation:

Oh Isis! Oh Osiris!

It is Aba-la.

Make her drink plentiful water;

Make her eat plentiful bread;

Make her be served a good meal.

The offering table with inscription was a final send-off for a woman, possibly a grandmother, given a pyramid burial nearly 2,000 years ago.

See also:
Prehistoric Evidence Of Sophisticated Prosthetics In Ancient Egypt!

Stunning Satellite Images Reveal Unidentified Possible Pyramids In Egypt

Lost Kingdom Of Cleopatra - An Amazing Egyptian Underwater City

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